Disciplines

Research in materials science and engineering may focus on a discipline which could be a specific material or category of material (steel or magnetic materials, for example) or on a theme which could be an approach (such as computational science), a process (such as welding), or a principle common to many materials (corrosion, for example). Below is a list of some of the areas of research currently underway in MIT's DMSE.

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Biomaterials

Biomaterials interact with a biological system. Some materials scientists performing biomaterials research are working with medical researchers on implants, stents, or grafts; others are studying how natural materials work in order to mimic their self-assembly or structure.more关于生物materials

Biomolecular Materials

The Biomolecular Materials Group encourages simple organisms to grow and assemble technologically important materials and devices for energy, the environment, and medicine. These hybrid organic-inorganic electronic and magnetic materials have been used in applications as varied as solar cells, batteries, medical diagnostics and basic single molecule interactions related to disease.more关于生物molecular Materials

Biophysics

Biophysics studies biological systems, starting at the molecular level, using the toolkit of a physical scientist.more关于生物物理学

Biotechnology

生物技术利用生物体和生物处理,通常在制造中。more关于生物technology

Ceramics are inorganic, nonmetallic solids processed or used at high temperatures.moreabout Ceramics

Computational Materials Science involves and enables the visualization of concepts and materials processes which are otherwise difficult to describe or even imagine. Among other things, this field of allows materials to be designed and tested efficiently.more关于计算al Materials Science

This is the study of physical properties of condensed phases of matter.more关于凝聚物物理学

引起电子运动的化学反应。more关于电化学

Electronic materials are used in devices, circuits, memory storage, cables, and other applications.moreabout Electronic Materials

Energy research addresses creating and improving power supplies, working with alternative power sources, and improving materials processing and recycling.moreabout Energy

Energy Storage

DMSE faculty are exploring many aspects of energy storage, including large-scale grid storage, solar cells, car batteries, and batteries for devices.moreabout Energy Storage

Study to use science and engineering to improve the environment and provide solutions to pollution and sanitation problems.moreabout Environment

腐蚀和环境影响

The H.H. Uhlig Lab investigates the causes of failure in materials and the prevention of failure in materials, with an emphasis on nuclear materials.moreabout Corrosion and Environmental Effects

材料经济学

Research into the life cycle and impact of materials, from design to production to distribution to use to recycling or disposal.moreabout Economics of Materials

制造业

材料科学是制造业的一亚博网站首页体,从3D打印机的小规模到汽车,电子设备和医疗植入物的设计和生产所做的选择。moreabout Manufacturing

Materials Processing

The steps or operations to ready a material for use, whether as a finished product or in another application. "Processing" is one of the points of the Materials Tetrahedron, and it influences "Structure," "Performance," and "Properties."moreabout Materials Processing

Materials Systems and Analysis

The study of selection of materials from concept through design, manufacturing, use, and recycling. Factors include not only performance but also cost, availability, location, and environmental impact.moreabout Materials Systems and Analysis

Experts in this area have direct knowledge of large-scale and small-scale materials and their reasons for mechanical failure. Their studies range from building collapse to consumer device breakdowns.moreabout Fracture, Fatigue, and Failure of Materials

Magnetic materials are used in data storage, sensors, transformers, and generators. For thousands of years, people have been finding new uses for these materials.moreabout Magnetic Materials

Material Culture is the study of the structure and properties of materials associated with human activity. Plant and animal food remains, human skeletal material, as well as metal, ceramic, stone, bone, and fiber artifacts are the objects of study, along with the environments within which these materials were produced and used. MIT'sCenter for Materials Research in Archaeology and Ethnology(CMRAE) is renowned for their work in this area.moreabout Material Culture

Chemistry-based方法research in processing, structure, and properties of materials. This field often addresses polymers, thin films, and biomaterials.moreabout Materials Chemistry

How forces and displacement affect a material's properties, including stresses, bending, buckling, strains, and more.moreabout Mechanical Behavior of Materials

材料研究有许多不同的医学应用:施用疫苗的新方法,监测癌症,髋关节或膝关节置换的合金,携带激光的纤维,携带微妙的手术,更亚搏娱乐网页版登陆多。moreabout Medical

Cancer

Some materials scientists are developing new systems of drug delivery to attack cancers, others are designing monitoring systems to track tumor growth and shrinkage, others have created new surgical instruments to remove tumors without harm to the surrounding body.moreabout Cancer

植入物

Use of materials for medical implants, such as knee and hip replacements, dental implants, and bone grafts.moreabout Implants

Vaccines

Creating materials that provide controlled release of vaccines or allow vaccines to target specific areas of the body.more关于疫苗

Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems, orMEMS, are miniaturized mechanical or electro-mechanical devices and structures.moreabout MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems)

DMSE originated as a Department of Metallurgy and Mining, producing graduates whose work in ore refining and steel production led to a great expansion of industry and transportation in the late 19th century. In the modern age, metallurgists are interested in developing new alloys that are stronger, new refining techniques that are less environmentally harmful, and new manufacturing methods.moreabout Metallurgy

该研究涵盖亚搏娱乐网页版登陆了从原子水平操纵(例如,纳米晶体)到微尺度(例如,MEMS器件)的项目。这些新的发展承诺在沟通,医疗保健和运输等领域提高我们的生活方式。DMSE活跃于纳米技术研究,有些工作亚搏娱乐网页版登陆MIT.nano.moreabout Nanotechnology

Nanomechanics

One DMSE facility performing research in this area is the NanoMechanical Technology Lab (the NanoLab).moreabout Nanomechanics

Phase transformations are changes in a material's structure after processing — specifically after transitions from gas to liquid to solid. Understanding these transformations leads to better control of a material's structure, and therefore of its properties.moreabout Phase Transformations

Photonic materials interact with light and are used in devices, computer chips, solar cells, sensors, and more.more关于光子材料

不仅仅是“塑料”的同义词。聚合物科学检查了亚博网站首页长链分子或大分子的化学,物理,表征和应用。在材料科学中,通常与化学工亚博网站首页程和生物材料相关研究聚合物。moreabout Polymers

Natural materials are a perfect example of self assembly; shells, trees, bones, and more build themselves with no direction. Materials scientists are creating molecules that can come together to build a more complex, defined arrangement or functional unit.more关于自我组装

Semiconductors are elements or compounds with electrical conductivity between that of a metal and that of an insulator, and they are commonly used in computers and other electronic devices. Silicon's dominance in the semiconductor industry has led to the term "Silicon Age" in describing the current era.moreabout Semiconductors

由于其机械性能,结构材料非常感兴趣。moreabout Structural Materials

Composites

Composites are two or more materials that take properties from both.moreabout Composites

These two-dimensional structures occur at the boundaries of materials or between two media.moreabout Surfaces, Interfaces, and Thin Films

Application of the laws of thermodynamics to the properties of materials, including chemical reactions, magnetism, polarizability, and elasticity.moreabout Thermodynamics

Understanding transport phenomena, including solid-state diffusion, homogeneous and heterogeneous chemical reactions, and spinodal decomposition, leads to better structure for the desired performance of a material.moreabout Transport Phenomena